Lawrence v. Texas
Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558, was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that American laws prohibiting private homosexual activity between consenting adults are unconstitutional.
Date: June 26, 2003
Ruling court: Supreme Court of the United States
Thu, 26 June 2003 = 26th of Sivan, 5763
"כ״ו בְּסִיוָן תשס״ג" = 44 (Hebrew Reduction)
Parashat Sh'lach / פרשת שלח־לך
Parashat Sh'lach is the 37th weekly Torah portion
Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that American laws prohibiting private homosexual activity between consenting adults are unconstitutional. The Court reaffirmed the concept of a "right to privacy" that earlier cases, such as Roe v. Wade, had found the U.S. Constitution provides, even though it is not explicitly enumerated. The Court based its ruling on the notions of personal autonomy to define one's own relationships and of American traditions of non-interference with private sexual decisions between consenting adults.
In 1998, John Geddes Lawrence Jr. was arrested along with an acquaintance at his apartment in Harris County, Texas, when sheriff's deputies found them engaging in sexual intercourse. Lawrence and his partner, Tyron Garner, were charged with a misdemeanor under Texas' anti-sodomy law; both pleaded no contest and received a fine. Assisted by the American civil rights organization Lambda Legal, Lawrence and Garner appealed their sentences to the Texas Courts of Appeals, which ruled in 2000 that the sodomy law was unconstitutional. Texas appealed to have the court rehear the case en banc, and in 2001 it overturned its prior judgment and upheld the law. Lawrence appealed this decision to the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, which denied his request for appeal. Lawrence then appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear his case.
The Supreme Court struck down the sodomy law in Texas in a 6–3 decision and, by extension, invalidated sodomy laws in 13 other states, making same-sex sexual activity legal in every U.S. state and territory. The Court, with a five-justice majority, overturned its previous ruling on the same issue in the 1986 case Bowers v. Hardwick, where it upheld a challenged Georgia statute and did not find a constitutional protection of sexual privacy. It explicitly overruled Bowers, holding that it had viewed the liberty interest too narrowly. The Court held that intimate consensual sexual conduct was part of the liberty protected by substantive due process under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Lawrence invalidated similar laws throughout the United States that criminalized sodomy between consenting adults acting in private, whatever the sex of the participants.
The case attracted much public attention, and a large number of amici curiae ("friends of the court") briefs were filed. Its outcome was celebrated by gay rights advocates, and set the stage for further reconsiderations of standing law, including the landmark case of Obergefell v. Hodges which recognized same-sex marriage as a fundamental right under the United States Constitution.
Gay marriage ruling Obergefell v. Hodges
Argued April 28, 2015
Decided June 26, 2015
Gay sex was decrimilized on 6/26/2003
Gay marriage was legalized on 6/26/2015
From and including: Thursday, June 26, 2003
To, but not including Friday, June 26, 2015
Result: 4383 days
Or 12 years excluding the end date.
Or 144 months excluding the end date
626 weeks and 1 day
144 months between the two rulings
"Mark of the Beast" = 144 (English Ordinal)
"Jesuit Order" = 144 (English Ordinal)
"Skull N Bones" = 144 (English Ordinal)
"sex rituals" = 2714 (Squares)
"Golden age of Saturn" = 2714 (Squares)
"Occult Religions" = 2714 (Squares)
"Sacred mushroom" = 2714 (Squares)
"mother Venus" = 2714 (Squares)
"Hammurabi Of Babylon" = 2714 (Squares)
Gay marriage ruling
"June twenty six two thousand fifteen" = 137 (Full Reduction)
"Protocols of the elders of Zion" = 137 (Full Reduction)
Gay marriage ruling
Fri, 26 June 2015 = 9th of Tamuz, 5775
ט׳ בְּתַמּוּז תשע״ה
Parashat Chukat (in Diaspora)
June 26 is the 177th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 188 days remain until the end of the year.
"the mark of the beast" = 177 (English Ordinal)
"The Jesuit Order" = 177 (English Ordinal)
"New world order" = 177 (Reverse Ordinal)
"Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the law" = 177 (Reverse Full Reduction)
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