Sunday, December 15, 2019
Where You Need To Be Exactly A Year From Today To See One Of The Greatest Total Solar Eclipses Ever 12/14/2020
Jamie Carter Dec 13, 2019, 10:00pm
I write about science and nature, stargazing and eclipses.
Remember the “Great American Eclipse” of 2017? It’s happening again, this time in South America for the second time in a row.
Exactly a year from today the next dramatic total solar eclipse—surely one of nature's greatest spectacles—will happen when, on Monday, December 14, 2020, the Moon’s central shadow will take 24 minutes to cross Chile and Argentina.
Think a year is a long time? If you want to see this extra-special solar eclipse, you should start planning now. Many eclipse-chasers already have plans in place. It’s time to move on this.
Happening exactly 532 days after the last total solar eclipse on July 2, 2019—again in Chile and Argentina, though further north—this one promises to be pretty special.
Although the totality itself will “only” be 2 minutes 9 seconds maximum in South America (and in cruise ships plying its Atlantic and Pacific coasts), there’s an extra-special stargazing bonus for eclipse-chasers this time.
Since a total solar eclipse can only occur at New Moon, the night skies are always dark for a week before, and for a few days after. However, in 2020 there are two bonus reasons why its worth traveling to South America:
The Geminid meteor shower—the year’s best (and happening right now as you read this)—peaks the night before totality during the early hours of December 14, 2020. Cue multi-colored shooting stars.
Just a week later on December 21, 2020 is a rare “Great Solstice Appulse” when Jupiter and Saturn will appear to be just 0.06º apart from each other in the night sky. It’s an event that’s not happened since the turn of the century, and won’t happen again until November 5, 2040.
If you need any more reasons to see witness totality, a sky full of shooting stars and a close planetary conjunction, here are three:
It’s the last “easy” and relatively affordable eclipse for a few years. The following total solar eclipse 356 days later is in Antarctica on December 4, 2021.
There is no total solar eclipse in 2022.
The only total solar eclipse in 2023 is a super-short 1 minute in a remote part of Western Australia.
Where to watch the 2020 total solar eclipse
Totality will occur high in the sky—much like 2017’s “Great American Eclipse” did—across Chile’s beautiful Lake District and the highly active Villarrica Volcano and norther Patagonia in Argentina. Both areas offer prime spots to experience totality, though the chances of clear skies are better in Patagonia.
Where to watch the 2020 eclipse in Chile
Totality: 13:02 p.m. local time (2 minutes 8 seconds)
A volcanic area of hot springs and hiking paths 470 miles/756 km south of Santiago, the leisure area of Pucón is one of the top choices. It’s dominated by lakes and popular for hiking, mountain biking, boating and rafting. However, there's something for everyone here; at the resort town of Pucón on the eastern shore of Lake Villarrica there are casinos and, nearby, Total Solar Eclipse Festival 2020 Chile, a six-day dance festival.
Where to watch the 2020 eclipse in Argentina
Totality: 13:08 p.m. local time (2 minutes 8 seconds)
Although there are numerous options in northwest Patagonia, perhaps the best is along National Route 237 which runs between Neuquén and San Carlos de Bariloche. The lathers a hub for tourists and eclipse tour groups, so independent travellers would be wise to base themselves in Neuquén. There’s also a Global Eclipse Patagonia Gathering festival planned for near to Las Coloradas off Highway 40. Meanwhile, those wanting to out-run possible clouds will find a long stretch of National Route 23 in northeast Patagonia that runs virtually parallel with the centerline of the path of totality, meaning you can’t accidentally drive too far north or south and miss totality.