Tuesday, January 28, 2020

Sea peoples #1177

1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed (Eric Cline, PhD)

Peleset, Tjekker, Shekelesh, Denyen, Weshesh, Shardana

The Philistines were an ancient people who lived on the south coast of Canaan between the ... Based on the Peleset inscriptions, it has been suggested that the Casluhite Philistines formed part of the conjectured "Sea Peoples"

Egypt fights off an attempted invasion by a confederation of Libyan and northern peoples in the Western Delta. Raids on this area had already been so severe in recent years that the region was 'forsaken as pasturage for cattle, it was left waste from the time of the ancestors'. Included amongst the ethnic names of the repulsed invaders are the Danya, the Ekwesh, the Lukka, and the Tjekker.

The Sherden and the Shekelesh
The Sherden is a tribe mentioned in the Egyptian texts more than any other. For example, the pharaoh Ramses II laments in the stele of Tanis: But the fact is that nobody knows where the Sherden came from. And the same is Valid for the Shekelesh and the rest of the “sea peoples”.
Sardinia and Sicily – the Sherden and the Shekelesh
There is almost a consensus that the names of these islands came from the Sea Peoples.  But archaeologists are still debating whether the sea peoples originated here or this is where they ended their journey. A compiling body of evidence connects Sherden to a Nuragic civilization of Sardinia, dated to 18 century BC, in other words, before the raids started.

A minority view first suggested by Yigael Yadin attempted to connect the Denyen with the Tribe of Dan,

It may be worth considering that the Weshesh, listed as one of the Sea Peoples, have been identified with the inhabitants of Corsica among others

Edo Nyland (personal communication) has suggested that Ramesses III, who reigned from 1188 to 1165 bce, called the Sea Peoples living in the area at that time Shardana. Their exploits are elaborately carved on his funerary temple at Medinet Habu, perfectly preserved.  They along with the Berbers were master astronomers and spoke an early form of Basque-Saharan.  This has been confirmed by Apollonius of Rhodes.  In fact, the mummy of Ramesses II was very blond, as well as some of the other pharaohs and high officials. The Shardana, derived from the word Sharma Dana signifies “good looking - all: "All good looking".  They lived along the Mediterranean coast of Egypt and Libya and had a formidable fleet trading with the Black Sea Peoples.  They populated the Dniepr valley from where they became the Poles, Baltic peoples, Friesians and Vikings, all the same genetic background.

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