Wednesday, June 3, 2020

MAVNI Military Accessions Vital to National Interest

They were brought in under the MAVNI program....

"Military Accessions Vital to National Interest"

Military Accessions Vital to the National Interest (MAVNI) allows certain non-citizens who are legally present in the United States to join the U.S. military and apply immediately for U.S. citizenship using Form N-400, “Application for Naturalization,” without first obtaining lawful permanent residence.

MAVNI was spearheaded by immigration attorney Margaret Stock, a former U.S. Army Reserve officer and West Point professor. The program started in 2008 under the George W. Bush administration as a one-year pilot program with a cap of 1000 recruits.[citation needed] The program was suspended following the 2009 Fort Hood shooting and a revision of Army vetting procedures, before being resumed in 2012 with the new vetting procedure.[4] In October 2014, people belonging to the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) category became possibly eligible for the MAVNI program.[5] In December 2014, the program has been extended until 2016 with a raised cap of 5000 recruits.[1] Enlistments are permitted for both active-duty and reserve assignments, but not in the National Guard.

As of December 2016, MAVNI is under review and closed indefinitely to new recruits, as the Trump administration was unenthusiastic.[6] Several lawsuits happened due to the Defense Department allegedly attempting to pressure out existing MAVNI service members, including outright discharging 40 members in July 2018 for failing new background checks.[4] These new background checks were criticized as being shoddy and relying on trivial information such as a MAVNI member having parents living in a foreign country as a reason to reject the check due to "foreign ties".[4] The softer methods included an "administrative discharge" of simply not sending soldiers to required training or giving them new contracts.[4] This process of discharging MAVNI members itself was suspended on July 20, 2018, one month later.[7][8] A related legal dispute ended in February 2019 with U.S. District Judge Thomas Zilly of the Western District of Washington ordering the Defense Department to stop unequal treatment of soldiers in the program, such as by forcing them to submit to "continuous monitoring" background checks without any case-by-case reason, when other soldiers are not subject to similar restrictions.[9]. MAVNI's sudden suspension left over 4,000 immigrant recruits in limbo. [10] As on 2020, many of the MAVNI recruits are still waiting in limbo. [11]

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